Articles by " Kristen Glass"
17 Nov

A Natural History of Bread

The Cereals...i.e. how we make such delicious bread!

The Cereals…i.e. how we make such deli­cious bread!

Home­made Bread Day is nation­al­ly cel­e­brat­ed on Novem­ber 17.  To cel­e­brate, I’m going to run you through a quick nat­u­ral his­to­ry of bread!  For thou­sands of years, bak­ing fresh bread was part of people’s dai­ly rou­ti­nes.  Bread is one of the old­est pre­pared foods dat­ing back to the Neolithic era. 

Bread bakers!

Bread bak­ers!


The Neolithic era was when peo­ple switched from nomadic hunter-gath­er­ers and pas­toral­ists to farm­ers.  This great­ly encour­aged set­tle­ment growth, increas­ing the need to tend crops, which required local­ized dwellings that led to farm­ing towns, larg­er cities, and domes­ti­cat­ed ani­mals.  By liv­ing in per­ma­nent or sea­son­al­ly inhab­it­ed set­tle­ments, they pro­duced sur­plus crops.  The­se extra crops could be stored for use dur­ing lean sea­sons or trad­ed for lux­u­ry items.

Neolithic farming

Neolithic farm­ing

Agrar­i­an soci­eties proved suc­cess­ful.  Soci­eties were able to expand their ter­ri­to­ries.  Farm­ing was lim­it­ed to a nar­row range of plants such as wheat, mil­let, and spelt.  This was a sig­nif­i­cant shift from a var­ied diet to reliance on starch and plant pro­tein.  Did you know col­lo­qui­al­ly bread is known as the “staff of life?”  Well it is!  Which just proves how impor­tant bread has been in cul­tur­al pro­gress.

Let’s jump for­ward 30,000 years….

Chorleywood Breadmaking Process...simplified!

Chor­ley­wood Bread­mak­ing Process…simplified!

…to 1961 when the Chor­ley­wood bread process was devel­oped.  This process involves an intense mechan­i­cal work­ing of the dough to dra­mat­i­cal­ly reduce the fer­men­ta­tion peri­od and the time tak­en to make a loaf.  Nor­mal­ly, this is what fac­to­ries use to mass pro­duce bread.  Cheap and quick, just like Amer­i­cans like.  I mean, we can’t be both­ered to make our own bread…._53268757_breadmaking

…Enter the bread­mak­ing machine.  Bread­mak­ers were invent­ed in 1986 in Japan and the pop­u­lar­i­ty caught on world­wide.  Bread­mak­ers and appli­ances have tak­en almost all the effort out of bak­ing, yet no one makes their own bread.  It’s tru­ly a shame.  Home baked bread is not only health­ier, the smell of bak­ing bread is mag­i­cal, and the qual­i­ty is undis­put­ed.  It is high­er in fiber, low­er in salt and addi­tives, and all recipes can be mod­i­fied to suit one’s pref­er­ences.

The bread overlords will take over! With their delicious gluten!

The bread over­lords will take over if you don’t start mak­ing your own bread! With their deli­cious gluten!

So go forth!  Bake some bread! 

We sell these! Show the world how much you love bread! And how unafraid of gluten you are!

We sell the­se! Show the world how much you love bread! And how unafraid of gluten you are!

Bread is even sexier when you bake it yourself!

Bread is even sex­ier when you bake it your­self!

5 Nov

The Devil in the White City by Erik Larson


220px-DWCityAre you bored by non­fic­tion?  Yes?  Well, The Dev­il in the White City will change your mind about non­fic­tion. Seri­ous­ly, I read one of Erik Larson’s books and was ready to ven­ture to the Smith­so­ni­an in D.C. for a book sign­ing (but I didn’t because tick­ets sold out in five minutes…bummer…).

For some rea­son, read­ing about seri­al killers has always been great fun for me.  I start­ed read­ing about the essen­tial seri­al killers: Jack the Rip­per, Char­lie Man­son, etc.  How­ev­er, this book isn’t just about seri­al killer, mad­man, and gen­er­al scam­mer H.H. Holmes; it’s also about the head archi­tect respon­si­ble for cre­at­ing the Chicago World’s Fair in the 1800’s.

H.H. Holmes creeps me out more than most seri­al killers.  Yes, Char­lie Man­son got peo­ple to kill for him and Jack the Rip­per had that whole carv­ing up lady bits thing going for him, but H.H. Holmes built a maze-like MURDER MANSION!  He was a true vul­ture, pick­ing out young and naïve wom­en new to the city to tempt and trap in his crazy mur­der man­sion.

I have a much deep­er respect and admi­ra­tion for archi­tects after read­ing this book.  After all, the World’s Fair was a mar­vel of con­struc­tion.  I doubt the qual­i­ty and beau­ty (there are pic­tures in the book…I know you wan­na know!)  of the Chicago World’s Fair could be echoed today.  I’m kind of sad that they decon­struct­ed it instead of try­ing to main­tain it, but when they shut it down home­less peo­ple began liv­ing there and the White City was no more (Inter­est­ing tid­bit: many of the peo­ple who helped build the so-called White City were unem­ployed when they fin­ished con­struc­tion, thus many of the for­mer work­ers began liv­ing there).

25 Oct

International Magic Week is Here!

Inter­na­tion­al Mag­ic Week is each year from Octo­ber 25–31.  It is a week to cel­e­brate the world of mag­ic and magi­cians.  Mag­ic Week ends on 10/31, the anniver­sary of Har­ry Houdini’s death.  Har­ry Hou­dini was the great­est magi­cian and escapist of them all. 

Houdini's grave

Houdini’s grave



Houdini lives in Scranton

Hou­dini lives in Scran­ton

Did you know the Har­ry Hou­dini Muse­um is locat­ed in Scran­ton, Penn­syl­va­nia?  It’s quite pos­si­bly the only thing in Scran­ton worth see­ing.  The muse­um is open to the pub­lic on Sun­days from 1 PM-4:30 PM and by appoint­ment.  They show films relat­ing to Hou­dini and offer a mag­ic show to guests.  On Hal­loween every year, the muse­um has a seance and psy­chic evening.  The famous Hal­loween Hou­dini Seance was orig­i­nal­ly per­formed by Houdini’s wife, then passed on to his biog­ra­pher, then passed to magi­cian Dorothy Diet­rich.

There are many ways to cel­e­brate Mag­ic Week.  Watch the minis­eries Hou­dini on Houdini_2014Net­flix, take a trip to the Hou­dini Muse­um, grab some tricks to learn from a mag­ic shop (do those exist any­more?), have your own seance using our Suprnat­u­ral Oui­ja Board, learn to do tarot read­ings, or learn how to pull a quar­ter from behind someone’s ear.  How­ev­er, escap­ing whilst in chains from a large tank of water is not rec­om­mend­ed, for obvi­ous rea­sons.

We sell this!

We sell this!


We also have Har­ry Pot­ter mag­ic wands, if you’re into that kind of mag­ic (you know you are)!  Cast some spells!

10 Oct

Take chances! Make mistakes! Get messy! Happy National Field Trip Month!

I love field trips and this mon­th is Nation­al Field Trip Mon­th!  If you’re a nan­ny, teacher, moth­er, father, aunt, uncle, teacher, grand­par­ent or any per­son with legal access to a child, plan your spe­cial lit­tle munchk­in a trip.  The­se are mem­o­ries that will last a life­time.  Don’t slack off, it’s time you’ll nev­er get back.  This hol­i­day isn’t just for kids, if you’re a col­lege stu­dent enjoy­ing Pitts­burgh for the first time you should try to get out there this mon­th before the weath­er goes ka-blewy again.  As Miss Friz­zle says, “Take chances.  Make mis­takes.  Get messy.”

Hands on activ­i­ties engage stu­dents who would oth­er­wise be dis­en­gaged.  Learn­ing is cool, but every­one absorbs infor­ma­tion dif­fer­ent­ly, just like paper tow­el brands (Sparkle is clear­ly the vil­lage idiot of paper tow­els).  The weath­er is glo­ri­ous, the leaves are chang­ing, it’s a beau­ti­ful time of year to be out and about.  There’s no age lim­it on learn­ing.  Get out there and learn some­thing new!

Pitts­burgh has no short­age of fan­tas­tic field trip loca­tions!  So here are my rec­om­men­da­tions, in case you hate google or some­thing:

-Lau­rel Cav­erns:
Are you an adven­ture junky?  Does crawl­ing through an under­ground cave sys­tem sound delight­ful?  Then spelunk­ing is for you!  No wor­ries, there are two tours, an advanced tour where you get deep in it, as the youths say, or an eas­ier tour.  They also have mini golf; the only mini golf ever made in a cave.  If mini golf and spelunk­ing are too adven­tur­ous for you, they also have gem­stone pan­ning.  There is a guid­ed tour that’s hand­i­cap acces­si­ble!  Yay!  Plus, it’s locat­ed in the strik­ing­ly beau­ti­ful Lau­rel High­lands.



Falling­wa­ter is just a hop, skip, and a jump from Lau­rel Cav­erns.  They do an ear­ly morn­ing nature hike on select week­ends to explore the grounds around Frank Lloyd Wright’s mas­ter­piece.  Wright was all about fus­ing nat­u­ral land­scapes with archi­tec­ture.

-Ken­tuck Knob:

This is anoth­er Frank Lloyd Wright house.  Tours are open from 9 AM until 4 PM, except Wednes­days when they open at noon.  You must sched­ule a tour in advance.  Frank Lloyd Wright once said, “No house should ever be on a hill or on any­thing.  It should be of the hill.  Belong­ing to it.  Hill and house should live togeth­er each the hap­pier for the oth­er.”  There is a mod­ern sculp­ture col­lec­tion on the grounds.

-Every­one knows about the Carnegie Sci­ence Cen­ter and the Carnegie Art and Nat­u­ral His­to­ry Muse­ums, but they’re still great field trip loca­tions.  

phippsPhipps has a vari­ety of cool exhibits and events.  Whether you like wine, fairy tales, or the African Con­go, Phipps has some­thing for every­one to enjoy.
And don’t for­get to record your expe­ri­ences in a new jour­nal from Kards Unlim­it­ed!

6 Oct

In This Style 10/6”…are you Mad as a Hatter?

Mad Hat­ter Day is every Octo­ber 6th.  Why, you may ask.  In Alice in Won­der­land, the Mad Hatter’s hat (illus­trat­ed by John Ten­niel) has a slip on it that reads “In this style 10/6.”  This means the hat cost 10 shillings and six­pence.  In 1986, some seri­ous­ly bored com­put­er peo­ple in Boul­der, Col­orado cel­e­brat­ed a day of silli­ness.  The Mad Hat­ter char­ac­ter is known for being sil­ly, but did you know that he prob­a­bly just had mer­cury poi­son­ing?

from ALICE'S ADVENTURES IN WONDERLAND, by Lewis Carroll, with illustrations by John Tenniel. Macmillan and Co, London, 1898.

Mad Hat­ter Disease/Syndrome is chron­ic mer­cury poi­son­ing among hat­mak­ers whose work involved pro­longed expo­sure to mer­cury vapors.  The neu­ro­tox­ic effects includ­ed tremor, patho­log­i­cal shy­ness, and irri­tabil­i­ty.

Right you are Alice!

Right you are Alice!

 Man­u­fac­tur­ing felt hats began in 17th cen­tu­ry France and spread to Eng­land by the end of the cen­tu­ry.  Mer­curic

Danbury hatmakers

Dan­bury hat­mak­ers

nitrate was used to treat the fur of small ani­mals for hats.  By the Vic­to­ri­an era, hat­ters’ con­di­tion had become prover­bial and pop­u­lar expres­sions arose like “mad as a hat­ter,” “hat­ters’ shakes,” and “Dan­bury shakes.”  In Amer­i­ca, this ter­ri­ble prac­tice con­tin­ued until 1941 when mer­cury poi­son­ing in the hat­mak­ing indus­tries of Dan­bury, Con­necti­cut was exposed.


Yes, this hol­i­day has dark roots.  But now it’s fun!  So those com­put­er peo­ple I spoke of, well they announced their day of silli­ness on com­put­er net­works and Mad Hat­ter Day became more pop­u­lar.  In 1988, it was first rec­og­nized as a “hol­i­day.”  


Baby’s hats…contaminated with high lev­els of mercury…I’m sure that worked out well for those babies lat­er in life.

At Kards Unlim­it­ed, we have tons of sil­ly stuff so you can cel­e­brate being sil­ly (and that oh so sil­ly mer­cury poi­son­ing) in style.  We have Mad Hat­ter hats, jew­el­ry, even pass­ports to Won­der­land.  And for the purest, we have The Adven­tures of Alice in Won­der­land with orig­i­nal illus­tra­tions by John Ten­niel.  

We sell this!

We sell this!

I know this is post­ed a bit lat­er than 10/6, but hon­est­ly, you can be sil­ly any day of the year!!!

3 Oct

What’s Your Story Morning Glory?

In 1973, a jour­nal­ism teacher and a few neigh­bors from Jones­bor­ough, Ten­nessee rolled an old farm wag­on into Cour­t­house Square and told sto­ries around the wag­on.  This mod­est fes­ti­val changed Jones­bor­ough forever.  It has been rec­og­nized as the first pub­lic event devot­ed to sto­ry­telling.  In 1975, the Inter­na­tion­al Sto­ry­telling Cen­ter was found­ed and a grow­ing cul­tur­al move­ment began.
Sto­ries are the foun­da­tion of cul­ture.  They can enter­tain, share his­to­ry, spread knowl­edge, per­suade, advance a cause, teach, or impart a dream of a bet­ter future.  Peo­ple need sto­ries to make sense of the world.  Sto­ry­telling is a

Doesn't that microphone look inviting....

Doesn’t that micro­phone look invit­ing.…

pow­er­ful tool for effec­tive com­mu­ni­ca­tion.

In 2002, a new cen­ter cam­pus opened.  It is the first facil­i­ty devot­ed exclu­sive­ly to sto­ry­telling.  Each year, Storyteller’s Week­end is free and open to the pub­lic.  The mis­sion of the Inter­na­tion­al Sto­ry­telling Cen­ter is to enrich MaryBMartinStorytellingHall_Esto-513x302lives through sto­ry­telling, whether by cap­tur­ing and telling their sto­ries, lis­ten­ing to oth­ers, or using it to pro­duce pos­i­tive change in the world.  They desire to build a bet­ter world, health­ier com­mu­ni­ties, more effec­tive work­places, and bet­ter schools.

Though Jones­bor­ough is the sto­ry­telling cap­i­tal of the world, it is not the only devot­ed sto­ry­telling enti­ty.  Ted Talks and The Moth are both orga­ni­za­tions that reg­u­lar­ly give talks in Pitts­burgh, so you don’t have to go all the way to Ten­nessee to hear some good sto­ries.  Before tele­vi­sion we read books, and before we read books we told sto­ries aloud.  It is high time we get back to our roots and tell decent, mean­ing­ful sto­ries.


Cel­e­brate Storyteller’s Week­end this mon­th by sit­ting around a fire pit telling sto­ries among friends and roast­ing marsh­mal­lows!

1 Oct

Happy National Baking Month…what are you baking?


My deep love of bak­ing began in my grandmother’s kitchen long ago.  Cer­tain smells still trig­ger vivid mem­o­ries of hap­py days gone by, lost in the monot­o­ny of my dai­ly life.  Wal­ter Bish­op has saved the world numer­ous times because of his mem­o­ries tied to food.  You don’t know who Wal­ter Bish­op is?  You aren’t in the cool club, sor­ry.  There’s no bet­ter way to cel­e­brate Nation­al Bak­ing Mon­th, then by get­ting crafty in the kitchen. 

I save the world whilst eating chinese food and chilling with my cow. What do you do whilst eating chinese food? Video games? HA!

I save the world whilst eat­ing Chi­ne­se food and chill­ing with my cow. What do you do whilst eat­ing Chi­ne­se food? Video games? HA!because of his mem­o­ries tied to food.  You don’t know who Wal­ter Bish­op is?  You aren’t in the cool club, sor­ry.


Did you know Buffy Summers…I mean Sarah Michelle Gel­lar, loves to cook!  She even has her own star­tup busi­ness revolv­ing around cook­ing and fam­i­ly val­ues.  Just think, twen­ty years ago Buffy could bare­ly put togeth­er a Thanks­giv­ing feast with­out Xan­der get­ting Syphilis.  Now she is co-founder and chief mom at Food­stirs where she states, “We believe the heart and stom­ach of every fam­i­ly can be found in the kitchen.  Our mis­sion is to offer real and tasty bak­ing prod­ucts that provide a con­ve­nient and bet­ter way for you to unplug, con­nect, and cre­ate mem­o­rable expe­ri­ences togeth­er.  Our pre­mi­um bak­ing mix­es and food­craft­ing kids inspire cre­ativ­i­ty and curios­i­ty, while empha­siz­ing the impor­tance of a health­ier lifestyle.”  You go Sarah Michelle!  I’m all about mak­ing mem­o­ries in the kitchen (even sexy mem­o­ries *wink*wink*).  It’s those mem­o­ries you’ll cher­ish forever…you know, if you have a soul. 



Octo­ber is the per­fect mon­th for Nation­al Bak­ing Mon­th!  All the fresh­ly picked pump­kins and apples and squash!  Plus apple orchards, pump­kin patch­es, and har­vest fes­ti­vals are in full swing!  What a great time of year!  The time of year when the trees shed their skin leav­ing crunchy rust col­ored shells that only the young at heart still zeal­ous­ly stomp.



thanksbuffy-gifSo take advan­tage of the farms that let you pick-your-own pro­duce.  Make last­ing mem­o­ries using sea­son­al ingre­di­ents.  This year CREATE!  It is a sci­en­tific fact that we humans feel best when we make things with our hands.  It cre­ates a sense of pride you just can’t get from watch­ing Net­flix or post­ing a self loathing Face­book sta­tus.  Plus it is also Nation­al Field Trip Mon­th, so go to the damn pump­kin patch already!  You know you want to!


I know you want it to be Pinky Pie, but Rain­bow Dash is just as fun!

We love bak­ing here at Kards Unlim­it­ed!  We have tons of cook­books to suite your needs.  And if you need an apron, we’ve got it!  Ever want­ed to cook dressed like Rain­bow Dash or Won­der Wom­an?  Well, we can make that hap­pen.  See you soon, bak­ing fools!  And be sure to check out Athena’s “Cook­ing with Kards” blog posts. icup-dc-comics-wonder-woman-character-apron

Here’s a fab­u­lous recipe for pump­kin muffins:
Serves 120ed7798

1 ¾ cups all pur­pose flour
1 cup sug­ar
½ cup dark brown sug­ar
1 tea­spoon bak­ing soda
½ tea­spoon salt
2 tea­spoons cin­na­mon
¼ tea­spoon ground cloves
¼ tea­spoon nut­meg
2 eggs
1 15 ounce can pump­kin puree
½ cup coconut oil (liq­uid form…heat if solid)
1 tea­spoon vanil­la extract


Pre­heat oven to 375 degrees and line muffin tray with paper lin­ers.
Mea­sure out all dry ingre­di­ents in a medi­um bowl and whisk togeth­er. Set aside.
In anoth­er bowl, whisk togeth­er the eggs, coconut oil, pump­kin puree, and vanil­la.
Pour the wet ingre­di­ents into dry ingre­di­ents and stir togeth­er.  DO NOT OVER MIX.
Even­ly dis­trib­ute bat­ter into muffin tray using a large spoon.
Bake for 20–25 min­utes or until tooth­pick insert­ed into cen­ter of a muffin comes out clean.

27 Sep

Who Loves Banned Books? We Love Banned Books!

Sum­mer is unfor­tu­nate­ly com­ing to an end, but you know what that means: Banned Books Week is upon us!!!  This year, you can cel­e­brate the free­dom to read from Sep­tem­ber 27 until Octo­ber 3, 2015.  Libraries, book­stores, and schools through­out the coun­try observe this mag­i­cal week that draws atten­tion to cen­sor­ship.  Not only does it teach us the impor­tance of our first amend­ment rights, it also high­lights the dan­ger that exists when restraints are imposed on the avail­abil­i­ty of infor­ma­tion in a free soci­ety.


And banned books week isn’t just for Amer­i­cans; Amnesty Inter­na­tion­al cel­e­brates by high­light­ing indi­vid­u­als who have been per­se­cut­ed because of writ­ings they pro­duce, read, or cir­cu­late.  They draw atten­tion to human rights vio­la­tions and the price peo­ple pay for express­ing con­tro­ver­sial or anti­so­cial views. 


This year the Amer­i­can Library Asso­ci­a­tion is focus­ing on Young Adult books.  Accord­ing to Judith Platt, the chair of the Banned Books Week Nation­al Com­mit­tee, “Young Adult books are chal­lenged more fre­quent­ly than any oth­er type of book.  The­se are the books that speak most imme­di­ate­ly to young peo­ple, deal­ing with many of the dif­fi­cult issues that arise in their own lives, or in the lives of their friends.  The­se are the books that give young read­ers the abil­i­ty to safe­ly explore the some­times scary real world. This Banned Books Week is a call to action, to remind every­one that young peo­ple need to be allowed the free­dom to read wide­ly, to read books that are rel­e­vant for them, and to be able to make their own read­ing choic­es.”


It’s a week that cel­e­brates auton­o­my and free­dom of expres­sion (some of my favorite things)!  You can cel­e­brate by going to your favorite book­store (Kards Unlim­it­ed, obvi­ous­ly!), or library; or par­tic­i­pate in a “read out” by read­ing pas­sages from your favorite banned book.  There are tons of ways to cel­e­brate!  Come to Kards Unlim­it­ed and we’ll rec­om­mend our favorite banned books.  We also have book­marks and bracelets with a banned books the­me.  


Did you know that the dic­tio­nary is banned in cer­tain US states because of inap­pro­pri­ate words like “penis” and “oral sex”?  Seri­ous­ly?  They banned the dic­tio­nary?  That kind of cen­sor­ship and youth baby­ing is atro­cious.  Here are some quotes about cen­sor­ship by some free-think­ing mas­ters:


Cen­sor­ship is telling a man he can’t have a steak just because a baby can’t chew it.”-Mark Twain


It’s not just the books under fire now that wor­ry me.  It is the books that will nev­er be writ­ten.  The books that will nev­er be read.  And all due to the fear of cen­sor­ship.  As always, young read­ers will be the real losers.”-Judy Blume



If all print­ers were deter­mined not to print any­thing till they were sure it would offend nobody, there would be very lit­tle printed.”-Ben Franklin


There are worse crimes than burn­ing books. One of them is not read­ing them.”-Joseph Brod­sky


If librar­i­an­ship is the con­nect­ing of peo­ple to ideas…it is cru­cial to remem­ber that we must keep and make avail­able, not just good ideas and noble ideas, but bad ideas, sil­ly ideas, and yes, even dan­ger­ous or wicked ideas.”-Graceanne A. Decan­did­io


Books won’t stay banned.  They won’t burn.  Ideas won’t go to jail.  In the long run of his­to­ry, the cen­sor and the inquisi­tor have always lost.”-Alfred Whit­ney Gris­wold


Yes, books are dan­ger­ous.  They should be dan­ger­ous — they con­tain ideas.”-Pete Haut­man

And…Dave Pilkey, the author of Cap­tain Under­pants, has some things to say about cen­sor­ship.


Here are some, though def­i­nite­ly not all, of the banned and chal­lenged books Kards Unlim­it­ed car­ries:

Loli­ta-Banned in South Africa, France, UK, Argenti­na, and New Zealand for being obscene. (Banned in 1955)

1984-Almost banned by UK and USA in the 1960s dur­ing the Cuban Mis­sile Cri­sis; banned by Sovi­et Union in 1950, as Stal­in thought it was a satire of his lead­er­ship

Lady Chaterley’s Lover-Tem­porar­i­ly banned in US and UK for vio­lat­ing obscen­i­ty laws (Banned in 1929)

Franken­stein-Banned in apartheid South Africa for obscene and inde­cent mate­ri­al (Banned in 1955)

50 Shades of Grey series-Banned in Malaysia for con­tain­ing sadis­tic mate­ri­al deemed a “threat to moral­i­ty.”  (2015)

Diary Of a Young Girl-Banned in Lebanon for por­tray­ing Jews, Israel, and Zion­ism favor­ably

Catch-22-Banned in sev­er­al US states. (cur­rent­ly)

Brave New World-Banned in Ire­land and Aus­tralia because of ref­er­ences to sex­u­al promis­cu­ity (Banned in 1932)

Ani­mal Farm-Although it was com­plet­ed in 1943, no pub­lish­er would print it due to its crit­i­cism of USSR (an impor­tant ally of Britain dur­ing WWII).  Also banned in com­mu­nist coun­tries and USSR.  (Final­ly pub­lished in 1945)

Alice’s Adven­tures in Won­der­land-Banned in province of Hunan, Chi­na for por­tray­ing anthro­po­mor­phized ani­mals act­ing as humans.  The cen­sor Gen­er­al Ho Chien believed attribut­ing human lan­guage to ani­mals was an insult to humans.  (Banned in 1931)